'首页', 'news' => '资讯', 'uchblog' => 'uch日志', 'bloglist' => '日志列表', 'blogdetail' => '日志查看页', 'bbs' => '论坛', 'top' => '排行榜', 'hottop' => '热度排行榜', 'uchimage' => 'uch相册', 'imagelist' => '相册列表', 'imagedetail' => '图片查看', 'tobbs' => '进入论坛', 'favorite' => '收藏', 'site_map' => '站点地图', 'site_link' => '友情链接', 'pushed_to_the_feed' => '加入事件', 'user_info' => '用户信息', 'yes'=>'是', 'no'=>'否', 'list' => '列表', 'category' => '信息列表', 'year' => '年', 'month' => '月', 'edit' => '编辑', 'delete' => '删除', 'insert' => '插入大图', 'insertsmall' => '插入缩略图', 'slice' => '裁切缩略图', 'insert_attachments' => '插入附件', 'login' => '登录站点', 'logout' => '退出', 'welcome' => '您好', 'announcement' => '站点公告', 'site_reg' => '注册', 'poll'=>'投票', 'new'=>'全新', 'subject'=>'标题', 'dateline'=>'发布时间', 'location'=>'所在地', 'file_size' => '文件大小', 'link_url'=>'网址', 'tag' => '标签', 'email' => '常用E-Mail', 'document_type_error'=>'文件类型错误,允许的图片文件后缀是', 'next_page' => '下一页', 'pre_page' => '上一页', 'pannel_contribution' =>'投稿', 'hour' => '小时', 'minute' => '分钟', 'second' => '秒', 'now' => '现在', 'before' => '前', 'mars' => '火星', 'visitor' => '网友', 'from_the_original_note' => '的原贴:', //function/item.func.php 'not_allowed_to_belong_to_the_following_tag' => '对不起,本站不允许使用以下TAG', //function/common.func.php 'the_page_can_be_updated_immediately_hits' => '点击可以立即更新本页面', 'close' => '关闭', //include/space_nospace.inc.php 'user_group' => '用户组', 'see_more' => '查看更多', 'view' => '查看', 'reply' => '评论', //include/space_template.inc.php 'score' => '评分', 'search' => '搜索', 'more' => '更多', 'manage' => '管理', 'photo_upload' => '上传图片', 'last_reply' => '最后评论', 'thread' => '帖子', //include/bbsimport.inc.php 'bbsimport_self' => '您只能指定自己的论坛主题进行导入', 'block_image'=>'(图)', //spacelist.php 'visitors' => '访客', //common.func.php 'quote' => '引用', 'rate_pre' => '评', 'fen' => '分', 'admin_login' => '管理员点击此处登录', 'site_close' => '站点临时关闭,请稍后再访问', 'tag_match' => '§|№|☆|★|○|●|◎|◇|◆|□|■|△|▲|※|→|←|↑|↓|〓|#|&|@|\|︿|_| ̄|〖|〗|【|】|(|)|〔|〕|{|}|.|’|‘|”|“|》|《|〉|〈|〕|〔|‘|’|“|”|々|~|‖|∶|”|’|‘|||¨|ˇ|ˉ|·|-|…|!|?|:|;|,|、|。| | |\~|\.|\!|\@|\#|\\\$|\%|\^|\&|\*|\(|\)|\+|\=|\{|\}|\||\[|\]|\\|\:|\;|\"|\'|\<|\,|\>|\?|\/|\s', //modelview.php 'details' => '详细信息', //modelpost.php 'photo_title' => '标题图片', 'check_username' => '发布者', 'online_contribution' => '在线投稿', 'system_catid' => '系统分类', 'content' => '内容', 'common_reset' => '重置', 'common_submit' => '提交保存', 'verification_code' => '验证码', 'changge_verification_code' => '换一张', //m.php 'check_order' => '选择排序方式', 'model_dateline_desc' => '按发布时间 从晚到早', 'model_dateline_asc' => '按发布时间 从早到晚', 'model_viewnum_desc' => '按查看数 从多到少', 'model_viewnum_asc' => '按查看数 从少到多', 'model_rates_desc' => '按评分 从高到低', 'model_rates_asc' => '按评分 从低到高', 'model_grade_desc' => '按审核等级 从高到低', 'model_grade_asc' => '按审核等级 从低到高', 'classification' => '分类', 'fromdate_0' => '发布时间: 从', 'fromdate_1' => '到', 'login_succeed' => '操作完成,您已经成功登录站点系统了', 'logout_succeed' => '操作完成,您已经成功退出站点系统了', //source/do_lostpasswd.php 'get_passwd_subject' => '取回密码邮件', 'get_passwd_message' => '您只需在提交请求后的三天之内,通过点击下面的链接重置您的密码:
上面的页面打开后,输入新的密码后提交,之后您即可使用新的密码登录了。', //viewthread.php 'view_thread' => '查看帖子', //function/news.func.php 'comment_elevator' => '高层电梯:', 'comment_floor_hide' => '部分楼层隐藏中...', 'comment_floor_up_title' => '上翻39层', 'comment_floor_up' => '上', 'comment_floor_down_title' => '下翻39层', 'comment_floor_down' => '下', 'comment_floor_total' => '本楼共有', 'comment_floor_total_2' => '层!请乘坐电梯浏览,每次显示39层,顶层和后9层保持不变。', 'comment_floor_repeat' => '已经隐藏重复盖楼', 'comment_floor_view_repeat' => '点击展开', //api/uc.php 'credit' => '积分', 'credit_unit' => '个' ); ?> BEC阅读经验交流 - 商务英语词汇

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R'z2@(X)F!p_0 商务英语词汇CU'[|Q0ox EK

In terms of pure quantity of research and debate, business schools have performed amazingly in promoting management as a distinctive activity. No other discipline has produced as much in such a short period. It is unclear yet how much of it will stand the test of time, but for sheer industry, the business school deserve credit. Not a day goes by without another wave of research papers, books, articles, and journals.商务英语词汇 ~\&FV,R

$Z+dD9~w0In these terms, schools have produced a generally accepted theoretical basis for management. When it comes to knowledge creation, however, they find themselves in difficulties. They are caught between the need for academic rigor and for real-world business relevance, which tend to pull in opposite directions. The desire to establish management as a credible discipline leads to research that panders to traditional academic criteria. The problem for business school researchers is that they seek the approval of their academic peers rather than the business community. In the United States this has led to the sort of grand ‘paper clip counting’ exercises that meet demands for academic rigor but fail to add one iota to the real sum of human knowledge.商务英语词汇HE+cm {m

商务英语词汇4gaJ @a@"O&\X#H C

Business schools have too often allowed the constraints of the academic world to cloud their view of the real world. Business school researchers seek provable theories – rather than helpful theories. They have championed a prescriptive approach to management based on analysis and, more recently, on fashionable ideas that soon disappear into the ether. The ‘one best way’ approach encourages researchers to mould the idiosyncrasies of managerial reality into their tightly defined models of behavior. Figures and statistics are fitted into linear equations and tidy models. Economists and other social scientists label this cure smoothing. Meanwhile, reality continually refuses to co-operate.

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4K*aFBp3Q)[~}0Central to this is the tension between relevance and rigor. In a perfect world, there would be no need to choose between the two. But in the business school world, the need to satisfy academic criteria and be published in journals often tilts the balance away from relevance. In other words, it is often easier to pursue quantifiable objectives than it is to add anything useful to the debate about management. To a large extent, the entire business school system works against useful, knowledge-creating research. Academics have five years in which to prove themselves if they are to make the academic grade. It seems long enough. But it can take two or even three years to get into a suitable journal. They therefore have around three years, probably less, to come up with an area of interest and carry out meaningful and original research. This is a demanding timescale. The temptation must be to slice up old data in new ways rather than pursue genuinely groundbreaking, innovative research.

/i7U(k `,MS0 商务英语词汇QW Zd/By h

It is a criticism also made by some business school insiders. “Academic journals tend to find more and more techniques for testing more and more obscure theories. They are asking trivial questions and answering them exactly. There has to be a backlash,” says Julian Birkinshaw of London Business School. In large part, the problem goes back to a time when business schools were trying to establish themselves. Up until the 1960s, American business schools were dismissed as pseudo-academic institutions, including the universities of which they often formed a part, regarded them as a little more than vocational colleges. Since then, most of the leading schools have undergone major reassessments and introduced sweeping changes. However, it is questionable whether those changes have gone far enough.商务英语词汇c"Z?m9M(nA)Zr-L

2c8\1rh7oD;J3` V0Questions:


adC3MIt015. What does the first paragraph suggest about the research generated by business schools?商务英语词汇-g\.r u$xH8G{2Q5c"TP

Z De ?aT0A Its quality is variable.

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{ \q8KeHF0P9C[0B Its lasting value is uncertain.商务英语词汇y|B7h-Z


C It has always been produced too quickly.商务英语词汇6o(s2G4mn7{/m

商务英语词汇Jc1w c5T(Ey+f.WT oG

D It has had no influence on management.

B k;ZW v0

:o Q~`.M,sm016. In paragraph two, the writer argues that business school research___商务英语词汇 ?6o N%ayrN

商务英语词汇-S ~-Ja9ox'Hk|*gM

A takes a negative view of the business community.商务英语词汇F*_PS2X|tO

^8v Gv2uSL0B as failed to give credibility to management as a discipline.商务英语词汇{*[6}7R_(e e/p?


C is directed at the wrong audience.

C/xRI PbB0 商务英语词汇'q:A1Psm

D does not stand up to academic scrutiny.商务英语词汇0J;a+H"QqIZ.o}&a

*wwO7aJxh&jrDi017. In the third paragraph, the writer criticizes the theories of management produced by business schools for being___

~i1EM9Jk"Qz,j4AM0 商务英语词汇5n'it U^

A incomprehensible.

BJC+m#C.RC U0 商务英语词汇D,?5}(xO2`?H

B contradictory.商务英语词汇5bXF0{\I'p#E


C vague.


iE i$K%p)F \0D inflexible.商务英语词汇Sq/bRM:S


18. In the fourth paragraph, the writer says that the business school system causes academics to___商务英语词汇5YVQH,I8X6R

Y.^/b4Q*O0A be satisfied with reinterpreting previous research.商务英语词汇_zQ\4Rb||d

商务英语词汇dX6}t N

B avoid complicated business issues.商务英语词汇 ^ S4DA(Q!{? eZ+R


C concentrate on very narrow fields of study.

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9_1K|h Qfb0D focus on topics no longer relevant to business needs.商务英语词汇y9Q0d Q9q

商务英语词汇 ji'I-O|B

19. What do we learn about business schools in the last paragraph?商务英语词汇:ZU| Ll(Rp


A They are reluctant to admit to failings.

%R FO-|y2{0 商务英语词汇*p6I0O.VW:mG'v

B They resent criticism of their academic journal.


d*^BV W _&W*S1N/n+I3@0C They used to be looked down on by other institutions.

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^+k4e_-]3X@:K%c{0D They are comfortable with the current situation.商务英语词汇h)VeD#l^h(X/j9T

k,so;p$FxY(q020. What is the writer’s purpose in this text?商务英语词汇,K/d6K0n0dL

YE)e&kS \f0A to express regret at the growth of business schools商务英语词汇*i-j0t LF4`U&zW


B to point out a weakness in the approach of business schools商务英语词汇toy$H"nI

B&K4Irz~*Av4D0C to criticize business school for producing bad academics商务英语词汇'\n J0d/^ H+P

商务英语词汇 j @.KQ ]0{g&y

D to forecast the eventual collapse of business schools商务英语词汇7S5Yd+n3iG7G-y {$L


这是2007年的题目,摘自人民邮电出版社编写的《剑桥BEC真题集(高级)》第58页,大部分学生在阅读文章的时候,对17和18题都有共同的问题,所以出错很多,现提供讲解思路如下:商务英语词汇:O Q+E:xI$u(j

4S ?#md W;Q017题,第三段第一行Business school have too often allow the constrains of the academic world to cloud the view of the real world. 是主题句,所以证明由于商学院的问题导致很多观点都因为学术方面的限制而被遮掩了,或者被制约了,那么就证明,不会是不能理解的,也不会是矛盾的,也不会是模糊的,而是不灵活的。下文在证明,说商学院不去管那些真正有帮助的理论,而去一味追求那些得到学术认可的东西,然后给了一个例子支撑,后面又说了the "one best way " approach encourages researcher to mould the idiosyncrasies of managerial reality into tightly defined models of behaviors. 说的是为了所谓的最好的方法,那么必然鼓励研究人员把管理现实的一些特性硬梆梆地放进一些模型里,这些模型是tightly defined的,和flexible刚好对立,后面的方程那些是给的例子支撑这个观点的。所以问题问的是观点,而我们都知道细节是一定支撑观点的,所以我们只需要寻找观点就可以了,这道题选择D。商务英语词汇Z*n:y2zt*O4B&Kd

/f zM~+R9mF%|0下面一段主题句就是第一句Central to this is the tension between relevance and rigor. 言下之意就是商学院教育或者学术上条条款款rigor,和现实生活的相关性relevance之间的矛盾,下面分析说在理想世界里面不需要二者选一,因为可以达到完美结合,但是在现实商界the need to satisfy academic criteria and be published in journals often tilts the balance away from relevance讲的就是为了发表学术文章,为了达到学术标准,那么天平失衡,而且是away from relevance,也就是偏重学术要求了,后面in other words 是换个说法来支撑这个观点,理解不难的。To a large extent, the entire business school system works against useful knowledge-creating research 这个地方就是要考察的地方,因为问题也问的是这里,所以发现这个system和知识创新背道而驰,如果这里没有看到问题里的academics的话,那么后面会出现例子证明,果然后面说拿学术分数要花五年,但其中两到三年就要花在进学术期刊上,自然剩下的两年很难用到开发研究新信息新数据上,然后The temptation must be to slice up the old data in new ways rather than pursue genuinely ground-breaking innovative research. 也就是说这就诱惑着、当然也就是变相鼓励的意思,鼓励那些人用换汤不换药的方法去用原来的数据,而并没有致力于真正革新的研究。这样的话,也就刚好符合A答案。B答案说避免复杂的案例,其实并没有说,因为学术研究也可能研究过复杂的案例的,只是现在换汤不换药,所以并没有明说现在研究的就比原来的简单,C说集中研究领域很窄,用原来的数据并不意味着研究领域很窄。D说的是关注不再和商业需求有关的话题,只是说学术要求和现实相关性的失衡,但并不意味着完全脱离商业需求。商务英语词汇 z`:Wd&t6f4zZ:\g'@

商务英语词汇 @;y3D@Q/G5J[ ?` y


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