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考研英语核心词汇辨析(三)

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商务英语词汇al`o(p\@ M

aggravate, reinforce, increase, strengthen, intensify 商务英语词汇d `M0IEr

6a9[~0eS&uSN0这一组动词都有"加强"的意思。商务英语词汇@5hkO`7Zp Lj

商务英语词汇MQ0~8Xn ?*Qg

aggravate v.加重(负担、罪行、病情等),使之恶化。

6Y2TB.@$xq;u?0 商务英语词汇2i~v z+ZN

I hurt my foot, then aggravated it by trying to walk too soon.我的脚受伤了,而过早的下地走路又加重了伤情。商务英语词汇{4B@ C)IT%nq!}!] S

商务英语词汇+n AT h*C

reinforce v.增援,一般用于军队或警察的行动;(以添加材料等)加固。

P1Hx(M6^*nR,~L0 商务英语词汇+a4z1kG&Ly

A police officer saw three thieves robbing a bank and radioed to reinforce him.一位警察看到三个盗贼抢劫银行,用无线电话要求增援。商务英语词汇3Y+oV'xkt'~.oIL

\ ~%Z'`@RCNn+r0increase v.指数量上的增加。商务英语词汇F#w#F6}3P

商务英语词汇q]Ue#^

The number of people has been increased.人数增加了。

BjC+dS'EJ'TH0 商务英语词汇)QkF*Kk

strengthen v.加强,巩固,增强,相当于to become stronger。商务英语词汇6p.}I Nzbuqv.sb

/X-O+PQ;I5lv0Exercising every day strengthens the heart.每天锻炼可以提高心脏的功能。商务英语词汇*I?#lX2Zw5f.|)o

商务英语词汇`Cz#v4d/I$u t*I

Competition, they believe, strengthens the national character rather than corrupt it.人们认为竞争加强了民族性而不是破坏了它。

'QD&WQX6m1}0 商务英语词汇K_-R? Y

intensify v.使变得更强烈、剧烈,加剧,相当于to become more intense or intensive。商务英语词汇^ fm Qn K9t0t9M

/} M nL Ut)E~0intensify colors加深色彩intensify hatred加深仇恨商务英语词汇2C;~9og'k J{9M

4VY9N??nj0alert, cautious, considerate

8jq'R2Y%X8U*d0 商务英语词汇?3b.]{"KUN

这一组形容词都表示"小心的,谨慎的"。商务英语词汇_v%Q5s#}$P2L

Rx]&s$fpS0alert a.警惕的,留神的。

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La9BO2HW6um0The hostess remained standing, alert to every guests' drinking need.女主人一直站在旁边,时刻准备给大家斟酒。商务英语词汇"z Xd3n;_0Q3p

商务英语词汇w F S z7i-N

cautious a.细心的,谨慎的。

1A)H9p`pmR d0 商务英语词汇9g8Qy`!uF

He has a cautious attitude about spending money.在花钱的问题上他态度谨慎。

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`_6[Iw7r4JS0considerate a.关心他人的,体贴的。商务英语词汇,b$D$\:~'UO.q"v

q w[:L+xM1|0He is always considerate of others; he is kind and sympathetic.他总是很体谅他人,并且慈祥而富有同情心。

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*Fg4V F7j`b"x?0alive, live, living, lively商务英语词汇2H9i`5GN

商务英语词汇v4O/f7wmi3^\

这一组形容词都跟"活"有关。商务英语词汇cmCQH"D$`r

(}5X:a"d0^2^`0alive a.活着的,有活力的,常作表语,作定语时必须后置。商务英语词汇-{w(\&q{kQ.o.y!b

(M5aL7t!ii-V \n2ZaR0After the accident, he was barely alive.交通事故后,他奄奄一息。

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:zhr2VjId7zqeo0all man alive所有活着的人商务英语词汇;M"c)C6["w

商务英语词汇 T c |#Y5I2Y7U

live a.活的,有活力的,现场直播的,

5m{&x `O~'nY8s%Zi0 商务英语词汇~o*|)Qv%z$\]7n3^x K

We watched the live broadcast of the opera on TV.我们通过电视观看了这部歌剧的实况。商务英语词汇x y+Syo6yrw

商务英语词汇cyX9r`

living a.活着的,作定语可前可后,可修饰人也可修饰物。商务英语词汇6gk2JoQ|/U;]4u\(T0a-{O

商务英语词汇^t8gu:m

Who is the world's greatest living artist?谁是现在还健在的世界上最伟大的艺术家?商务英语词汇0J~g2u L/[R*Gy

商务英语词汇:R7S6b6Af_)Wl

living room起居室

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Z F?%W&Zo;j$Z(Q F3B0lively a.活泼的,栩栩如生的。

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:g+lCN7Q7T2s0She is a lively young girl, always laughing and doing things.她是个活泼可爱的小姑娘,总是欢声笑语忙个不停。

pdm*A"|#P0 商务英语词汇Ez:G's%O

alleviate, diminish, reduce, decrease, decline商务英语词汇di9`^@P9o

X p%BTM+?9Y1?0这一组动词都有"减少,减轻"的意思。商务英语词汇2k.LI0T(|(J4i

商务英语词汇)`U[Cf ~ h~

alleviate v.在痛苦方面的减轻,缓和商务英语词汇-F8dO:z^wsu h

商务英语词汇3F-?.~"yR.f]%w Q

The painkiller alleviated the pain.止疼药减缓了疼痛。商务英语词汇TmV6IJ6f1H

商务英语词汇0^wm {(b(u&y_c%J

diminish v.指因为不断消耗,在数量方面缓慢减少,也指在素质或者价值的下降。

%Q,DKr7TB0 商务英语词汇}y4c8}Fa

The supply of oil has diminished because of the war.由于战争石油的供应减少了。

3dB xhFN3@0 商务英语词汇1~ll!E/P

reduce v.指人为地使某物在数量或重量方面的减少或降低。商务英语词汇 Fv c.^Z?~D#M @8w Zh

3k1i4s QH ?.]'A?0He reduced the amount of money they could spend.他缩减了他们的开销。

g(~Np7Y6nlQ0 商务英语词汇-g KS3m8X p

decrease v.指数量上的减少;力量或者强度的减弱。商务英语词汇.H:Dx9U&SI+aa

*q'_ pq Wa0The population decreased a lot last year.去年人口数量急剧下降。商务英语词汇"P ]m6]C_

FwQ\^3ajG#c0decline v. (数目、价格、比率)下降;谢绝,婉言推辞;衰退,衰落。

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~|,s3N1n8M'L\2m d0Last year, the crime rate in Chicago has sharply declined.去年芝加哥的犯罪率明显下降。商务英语词汇3~}jN1x5aw{xM-F

/Uf5xnm7t%U/w0He declined our invitation to dinner.他婉拒了我们请他吃饭的邀请。

E.v m2hs;{}0 商务英语词汇 G@/Xb*d ehy7?B

allocate, separate, detach, divide

5k%Cu$Og#q0 商务英语词汇9sI!N4E6d)h

这一组动词都有"分开"的意思。商务英语词汇X {3K5h;e[I

商务英语词汇`,j'@fJ!dN

allocate v.分配,把……拨给。商务英语词汇2cY&NtG'|!\J

-U9p O H&^5w/R.l c+gL};K0The city government allocated money for schools and the police in this year's budget.市政府在今年的预算中给学校和警察部门分配了资金。商务英语词汇p!o%av/jHS,]&e t

p|Ne$a1MAv3o0separate v.人为地分开,使隔离开。商务英语词汇uW i7^3[*L

商务英语词汇{,D$A8n4lk:AW ]#J

We separated the salad forks from the dinner forks.我们把沙拉叉与餐叉分隔开。商务英语词汇'G6mK[$H$akd(jr

商务英语词汇7vb Sdfy

detach v.拆开组合的物体;远离,疏远。商务英语词汇G0zeCl3sW1_

商务英语词汇ZE,d4a kk!S-bQ

We need a carpenter to detach this bookshelf from the wall.我们需要一名木匠将书架从墙上拆下来。

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,J,R&K)v h7I:Gk0divide v.指将整体分为若干个部分。

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b@d \ m~/X3g;Pd-V0The huge corporation dividedsintossmaller companies.这家特大公司分成一些较小的公司。

TG%H-qV8G0 商务英语词汇k9zg4{gFMu

ambiguous, obscure, vague, unclear, dim商务英语词汇G C QT%B9|

商务英语词汇j7U8f ~.@

这一组形容词都有"模糊"的意思。

4rL k {1H/k*OxzU0 商务英语词汇 _v H{wc

ambiguous a.意义含糊的,有歧义的,指因字、词、句有歧义而使人感到模糊不清、难以理解和把握。

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.bl)[J*|J0His ambiguous directions confused us; we did not know which of the two roads to take.他的模棱两可的指导使我们很迷惑以至于我们不知道该走哪条路了。

~XlO/Z`0 商务英语词汇&VK0Gx+b$L7{i

obscure a.用于表达因光线不足而使人看不清楚。该词的引申意义可以表示语法、文字、记忆等因复杂、深奥、模棱两可而使人看不懂和无法理解。商务英语词汇H?,},V L v'X]$W4l

.S.RJ^V]ezU;B0The poetry of Ezra Pound is sometimes difficult to understand because it contains so many obscure references.艾兹拉·庞德的诗有时候难以理解,因为诗歌中含有许多令人费解的典故。

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f$|3s ye#N-b G\0vague a.含混的,不清楚的,多用于比喻意义,用来表示因逻辑关系不清、言辞笼统而导致的意义不清楚,该词也可表示轮廓形状的不清楚和模糊。商务英语词汇FK;Bz7`7FSW

商务英语词汇$Ut hn,sb~

He has some vague ideas about what to do, but nothing specific.他大概知道他要做什么,但没有具体的计划。商务英语词汇${gL)N G~D|a+`

9LN-s6X"q0unclear a.指句意、字迹不清楚,使人难以看懂;不肯定的。商务英语词汇W^;h U Lz5F

FH)G*c6vUMu0Unclear writing is difficult to understand.模糊的字迹使人难以辨认。商务英语词汇6PD9iB&Qas

商务英语词汇 XB"h&PEO2{,W?

It is unclear whether the economy will get better.经济是否好转仍不明朗。

&`r)J(X4l7S*U0 商务英语词汇/|E?"\xm/Q\

dim a.光线暗淡的,看不清的;记忆力模糊的;不大可能的。

EO's+pjv {0

/CWc(iJ7wy$K0Don't work in dim light.不要在昏暗的光线下工作。商务英语词汇nmH Ty&w,Nx8n

商务英语词汇,a0E9B:K$m j#rL

His changes of recovery from illness are dim.他康复的可能性十分渺茫。

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2\,I#^)d3reM y0amplify, enlarge, stretch, magnify, reinforce, expand

l%xHW)nfH0 商务英语词汇ZZ)O5MZ5c[0V

amplify v.扩大,增加,尤其指通过增强电压或电流使声音扩大;补充叙述(故事、事件等)。商务英语词汇X"I-Oa4T#J

s rF9Rq%Y,w%j]0We must ask you to amplify your statement.我们得请你对你的说法作进一步的说明。商务英语词汇HW7Kv5?b

商务英语词汇`Wno\"k

enlarge v.扩大,多指具体物品如相片的放大。商务英语词汇0C#fp,N9F

*mAK3Mt3?0enlarge photograph放大照片enlarge a house扩建房屋商务英语词汇+Es+uZm \s

} Zm J6[kzg0stretch v. (有弹性地)伸展,延伸,并有可能超过限度;伸长、伸出(身体某部位)并绷紧肌肉(尤指在放松后或为了够着某物)。

6Gec V w0@^,_"u]0 商务英语词汇C X3X'hP`9u

The pullover stretched after I had worn it a few times.这件套头毛衣我穿了几次之后就撑大了。

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%k"V w SSG m$C6S0Having finished their morning work, the clerks stood up behind their desks, stretching themselves.完成了早间工作之后,职员们站到桌子后面伸伸懒腰。

}:|(uq"r)D7Ttwt0 商务英语词汇i}s5J%[||

magnify v.放大,指用透镜或显微镜使物体看上去大一些。商务英语词汇'Y8b#dx(e9q

~!^!lb+M0His eyeglasses magnify words so he can read them.他借助眼睛把字放大以便能够阅读。

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9?~IE-r;@o p%n:d0reinforce v.增援,加固。

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5Gt|H)^+p1I1N0expand v.指范围、体积的扩大、增大,也可以指内容或细节的充实。

!DB f6xY!Gq0 商务英语词汇WD!q+OS9UWs9v

The balloon expanded, then exploded.气球先是膨胀,然后就爆破了。

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%rCV&Qe au(f0anger, fury, indignation, resentment商务英语词汇u n%B S1x

商务英语词汇3flDE hM:d

这一组名词都有"愤怒、生气"的意思。

iPg"p:Sa"C_)^0 商务英语词汇*f-~'ye(uKFP

anger n.气愤,生气,是一般用语。

"u9^2w"HaL0 商务英语词汇j;Zzdo9i

After their argument, he expressed his anger by punching the other man in the face.争吵之后,他一拳打在那个人的脸上以发泄怒气。

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!R/i'}SU/Hf0fury n.暴怒,大怒,程度较anger要强。商务英语词汇jUf#M}7EA'B

JtYuQ t*u[6C5RzLT0indignation n.义愤,尤其指出于道义上的激愤。

XnU8G%["kI0 商务英语词汇qn2VN'T.dj

general indignation at the sudden steep rise in bus fares公共汽车票价突然猛增激起的公愤

5z @6W3S-{;u@XN0 商务英语词汇3]0? ` zN:?0a6F%D

resentment n.愤恨,怨恨,不满,是正式用语,尤指由于受侮辱或自尊心受到伤害后而产生的愤慨。商务英语词汇&w qi"^T.Pi

商务英语词汇D~}U|X b \0]

There was a feeling of resentment in the office after everyone's pay was lowered.大家的工资降低后,办公室里怨声载道。商务英语词汇dz W)oy

商务英语词汇8pk"|{8i,l {

apparent, evident, manifest, obvious, distinct

c hx'\#rrxc0 商务英语词汇;{8|i+lck2^.L

这一组形容词都有"明显的"之意。商务英语词汇%g u2F&{v{x

O#MP$zd&J&p,i-Gvi(y!e0apparent a.明显的,显而易见的,尤其指容易观察到或认识到的事物。

Kr4I$y6YR{ {|[0 商务英语词汇,Rv%i9or:yB-Py

He is very unhappy, and it is apparent that he wants to leave now.他很不高兴,显然他现在想走了。商务英语词汇N8_TB'M,x

商务英语词汇G%OC"|P0^

evident a.明白的,明显的,与apparent基本同意,多用于推理或由事实证明的事物。

SI W/F,w}0 商务英语词汇D8{#j~0N2n7Vli

It is evident that he is guilty; his fingerprints were found at the crime scene.显然他是有罪的,在犯罪现场发现了他的指纹。商务英语词汇+liw%Y:q3M'i#Y^5]

商务英语词汇;Dm4mh.fsg/G

manifest a.清楚的,明显的,多指根据外部特征或迹象便能看出或了解其意义,常作表语。

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+{)xD YX8N0Her ability is manifest, but she is not attractive.她才能出众,但长相并不动人。

ZVjVC.u0 商务英语词汇'lb#_ m1V6x

obvious a.明显的,显而易见的,含有无可辩白,不需证明之意。

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/D.li3J4]1El {0It is obvious that that woman has had too much to drink.很显然,那个妇女酒喝的太多了。

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#icMkK1_c0distinct a.清楚的,明显的;不同的,独特的。修饰性质明显不同的东西。商务英语词汇A+c0^i/_Sf/b \

商务英语词汇x+vu6vh'I,lJ"_ H*N^

Medical care has made a distinct improvement in his health.治疗已使他的健康有了明显的好转。商务英语词汇Q {7} h/s2Oe

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