'首页', 'news' => '资讯', 'uchblog' => 'uch日志', 'bloglist' => '日志列表', 'blogdetail' => '日志查看页', 'bbs' => '论坛', 'top' => '排行榜', 'hottop' => '热度排行榜', 'uchimage' => 'uch相册', 'imagelist' => '相册列表', 'imagedetail' => '图片查看', 'tobbs' => '进入论坛', 'favorite' => '收藏', 'site_map' => '站点地图', 'site_link' => '友情链接', 'pushed_to_the_feed' => '加入事件', 'user_info' => '用户信息', 'yes'=>'是', 'no'=>'否', 'list' => '列表', 'category' => '信息列表', 'year' => '年', 'month' => '月', 'edit' => '编辑', 'delete' => '删除', 'insert' => '插入大图', 'insertsmall' => '插入缩略图', 'slice' => '裁切缩略图', 'insert_attachments' => '插入附件', 'login' => '登录站点', 'logout' => '退出', 'welcome' => '您好', 'announcement' => '站点公告', 'site_reg' => '注册', 'poll'=>'投票', 'new'=>'全新', 'subject'=>'标题', 'dateline'=>'发布时间', 'location'=>'所在地', 'file_size' => '文件大小', 'link_url'=>'网址', 'tag' => '标签', 'email' => '常用E-Mail', 'document_type_error'=>'文件类型错误,允许的图片文件后缀是', 'next_page' => '下一页', 'pre_page' => '上一页', 'pannel_contribution' =>'投稿', 'hour' => '小时', 'minute' => '分钟', 'second' => '秒', 'now' => '现在', 'before' => '前', 'mars' => '火星', 'visitor' => '网友', 'from_the_original_note' => '的原贴:', //function/item.func.php 'not_allowed_to_belong_to_the_following_tag' => '对不起,本站不允许使用以下TAG', //function/common.func.php 'the_page_can_be_updated_immediately_hits' => '点击可以立即更新本页面', 'close' => '关闭', //include/space_nospace.inc.php 'user_group' => '用户组', 'see_more' => '查看更多', 'view' => '查看', 'reply' => '评论', //include/space_template.inc.php 'score' => '评分', 'search' => '搜索', 'more' => '更多', 'manage' => '管理', 'photo_upload' => '上传图片', 'last_reply' => '最后评论', 'thread' => '帖子', //include/bbsimport.inc.php 'bbsimport_self' => '您只能指定自己的论坛主题进行导入', 'block_image'=>'(图)', //spacelist.php 'visitors' => '访客', //common.func.php 'quote' => '引用', 'rate_pre' => '评', 'fen' => '分', 'admin_login' => '管理员点击此处登录', 'site_close' => '站点临时关闭,请稍后再访问', 'tag_match' => '§|№|☆|★|○|●|◎|◇|◆|□|■|△|▲|※|→|←|↑|↓|〓|#|&|@|\|︿|_| ̄|〖|〗|【|】|(|)|〔|〕|{|}|.|’|‘|”|“|》|《|〉|〈|〕|〔|‘|’|“|”|々|~|‖|∶|”|’|‘|||¨|ˇ|ˉ|·|-|…|!|?|:|;|,|、|。| | |\~|\.|\!|\@|\#|\\\$|\%|\^|\&|\*|\(|\)|\+|\=|\{|\}|\||\[|\]|\\|\:|\;|\"|\'|\<|\,|\>|\?|\/|\s', //modelview.php 'details' => '详细信息', //modelpost.php 'photo_title' => '标题图片', 'check_username' => '发布者', 'online_contribution' => '在线投稿', 'system_catid' => '系统分类', 'content' => '内容', 'common_reset' => '重置', 'common_submit' => '提交保存', 'verification_code' => '验证码', 'changge_verification_code' => '换一张', //m.php 'check_order' => '选择排序方式', 'model_dateline_desc' => '按发布时间 从晚到早', 'model_dateline_asc' => '按发布时间 从早到晚', 'model_viewnum_desc' => '按查看数 从多到少', 'model_viewnum_asc' => '按查看数 从少到多', 'model_rates_desc' => '按评分 从高到低', 'model_rates_asc' => '按评分 从低到高', 'model_grade_desc' => '按审核等级 从高到低', 'model_grade_asc' => '按审核等级 从低到高', 'classification' => '分类', 'fromdate_0' => '发布时间: 从', 'fromdate_1' => '到', 'login_succeed' => '操作完成,您已经成功登录站点系统了', 'logout_succeed' => '操作完成,您已经成功退出站点系统了', //source/do_lostpasswd.php 'get_passwd_subject' => '取回密码邮件', 'get_passwd_message' => '您只需在提交请求后的三天之内,通过点击下面的链接重置您的密码:
\\1
(如果上面不是链接形式,请将地址手工粘贴到浏览器地址栏再访问)
上面的页面打开后,输入新的密码后提交,之后您即可使用新的密码登录了。', //viewthread.php 'view_thread' => '查看帖子', //function/news.func.php 'comment_elevator' => '高层电梯:', 'comment_floor_hide' => '部分楼层隐藏中...', 'comment_floor_up_title' => '上翻39层', 'comment_floor_up' => '上', 'comment_floor_down_title' => '下翻39层', 'comment_floor_down' => '下', 'comment_floor_total' => '本楼共有', 'comment_floor_total_2' => '层!请乘坐电梯浏览,每次显示39层,顶层和后9层保持不变。', 'comment_floor_repeat' => '已经隐藏重复盖楼', 'comment_floor_view_repeat' => '点击展开', //api/uc.php 'credit' => '积分', 'credit_unit' => '个' ); ?> A Kangaroo Court - 商务英语词汇

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A Kangaroo Court

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热度0票  浏览203次 时间:2007年2月01日 09:46
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Now, the VOA Special English program "Words and Their Stories".商务英语词汇%v7E?4g$FLI1@%M

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A kangaroo court(私设的法庭) is a kind of court that often takes the law into its own hands. A kangaroo court may be a real court that does not make decisions fairly. Its judge may be dishonest or unwise. Or it may not be a court at all.商务英语词汇2|&R;Am` B Q r)t

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A kangaroo court may be a group of people who hold a trial without any right to do so. Prisoners in a jail or prison sometimes hold kangaroo courts to decide if another prisoner has broken some unwritten rule of prison life.

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8D#g/b:Oxpf'K0The expression kangaroo court began to be used about 150 years ago. There are a number of different stories that seek to explain how it became part of the language. One writer believes it came into use at the time when stories about Australia and its fast jumping kangaroos were popular in America. 商务英语词汇@/A0^'L(v'pF

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This story says judges on the American frontier had to travel long distances to hold trials in different parts of their territory. Often, how much they were paid depended on how far they travelled and how many trials they held. And usually the money came from payments or fines that judges ordered the defendants to pay. As a result, trials were short and not always fair. This story claimed that these courts became known as kangaroo courts, because the judges jumped quickly like a kangaroo from one town to the next.

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cq kT g.hj]0Another story says the expression was born earlier when Australia, the land of the kangaroo was a British prison colony. The story says the name, kangaroo, was given to the illegal courts prisoners held in Australian prisons. The name is still used to describe illegal trials held by prisoners in jails and prisons. In some prisons, officials did not interfere, because they believed kangaroo courts helped to keep order.

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The third story says the expression began in the California gold fields in the eighteen hundreds. A writer says gold miners used the name of the jumping animal from Australia to describe the courts that tried men for seizing or jumping mining claims of another man. Stealing someone else's gold mine was a serious crime. A crime severely punished by a kangaroo court.

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8?.f9d5Ks|/zUj0People still use the expression to describe illegal or unfair courts. Sometimes, they even use kangaroo court to criticize a decision by a perfectly fair and legal court because they do not agree with the court's decision.

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This VOA Special English program "Words and Their Stories" was written by Nancy Steinbach. The narrator was Maurice Joyce. I'm Warren Shier.商务英语词汇 klY-l q+fm

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