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How did Valentine's Day cards begin?

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4\ bIzy,F }#a0Believing that birds began to mate on February 14, people in the Middle Ages started the card tradition by sending love letters on that day.

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In the 15th century, singing and spoken valentines were slowly replaced by written letters in Europe. The first written valentine is credited to Charles, the Duke of Orleans, who wrote love poems to his wife while he was in prison in 1415. By the beginning of the 16th century, valentines were almost always written.

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Early valentines were hand made on colored paper. Often they were tinted with water colors and inks. Other types of valentines found during this era were:

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Acrostic - the first line of the verses spelled out the recipient's name商务英语词汇#|] fHZ,HV.k3p

.^H,k,D'\`0Cutout - the paper was folded and cut into a lace-like design using small, pointed scissors.

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Pinprick - using a pin or needle, tiny holes were punched in the paper to make it look like lace.

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Theorem or Poonah - a stencil was used to help paint on designs that stood for words. For example, the word foot would be replaced by a picture of a foot.商务英语词汇 |x9m.p2\4Uy]

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Puzzle Purse - the paper was a folded puzzle with verses written in the folds. Each verse must be read in a specific order and the puzzle refolded correctly.商务英语词汇mE;W"`;n

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Fraktur - the letters were written in a decorative style to imitate the illuminated manuscripts used in the Middle Ages.

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The 1800s saw valentines made by factory workers. Black and white pictures were painted by the workers in the early part of the century. By the end of the 1800s, the cards were made by machines. These cards were elaborately decorated with gold leaf, satin, lace and flowers.商务英语词汇Qz2e7|S?

@ F9tovg&B0In 1840, the first mass produced valentine's cards where made in America. Esther Howland, who sold ,000 worth of the cards in her first year, created them. 商务英语词汇 [1Vp)I t3U

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Vocabulary:
j"~m4Ul}2oHi V0stencil: 模板商务英语词汇#l$~$r$t+g8KQ
satin: 缎子商务英语词汇cC?(H#Cl+`nJ
lace: 饰带,花边

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